Timber partitions wall
- This type of partition walls that consists of a wooden framework is either supported on the floor below or by side walls.
- The framework consists of a rigid arrangement of timber members which may be plastered or covered with boarding etc from both the sides.
- Such partitions are not fire-resistant and the timber forming the partition is likely to decay or be eaten away by white ants.
- The use of timber partition walls is decreasing.
Wood-wool partition wall
- Wood wool consist of long tangled wood fibers, uncompacted, coated and bound together with cement or plaster, and with a rough open surface which provides an excellent key for plaster.
- It is good heat and sound insulator
A.C. Sheet or G.I. Sheet partition wall
- Partition walls constructed from asbestos cement sheeting or galvanized sheet fixed to wooden or steel frame.
- It is mostly adopted in works of temporary character.
- Such walls are economical, light and fairly rigid if constructed properly.
- Slab consists of core or corrugated asbestos cement sheet with the plain asbestos cement sheet attached to it on either side. The use of such slabs renders the partition wall more fire-resistant and makes it have good heat and sound insulation properties.
Metal lath partition wall
- Metal lath partition wall are thin, strong, durable and considerably fire resistant.
- Metal lath partition walls are constructed by placing 2cm or 2.5cm channels vertically (called studs) and fixing metal lath to it on one side.
- Plaster is applied to both the sides of the metal
- If hallow partition is required, metal lath is fixed to the channels on both the sides and then plaster is applied.
Plaster slab partition wall
- Plaster slabs or plaster boards are made from burnt gypsum or plaster of paris, mixed with sawdust or other fibrous material to reduce its weight
- Units of plaster slab prepared in an iron or timber mould with size 1 to 2m long, 30cm high and 50 to 100mm thick.
- they are equipped with suitable grooves to create rigid joints
- Plaster slab surface may be smooth or rough. The former is not plastered but rough surface act as key for plaster.
Glass partition walls
They are cheap, light, and easy in construction and provide reasonable privacy and sound insulation. such walls are constructed from glass sheet or hollow glass blocks which will be discussed below
Glass sheet partition wall
- It is constructed by fixing sheet of glass in a wooden framework.
- Glass sheets are fixed in timber framework using using timber beadings or by putty.
- The wooden framework consists of a number of horizontal and vertical posts, suitably spaced, to divide the entire area into a number of panels.
- The panels might be rectangular or square and their size varies with the choice of individual.
- Glass sheet partition wall is light, vermin proof, damp proof, and sound proof.
- Wired glass, bullet proof glass, and three-ply glass are examples of strong glass sheets which are suitable for glass sheet partition wall construction.
Hollow glass block partition wall
- It is constructed from hollow glass blocks.
- Hollow glass blocks are translucent glass units which are light and manufacture with various thicknesses, shapes, and sizes.
- The size of square hollow glass blocks, which is most widely used, is 14X14cm or 19X19cm with a thickness of 10cm.
- The hollow blocks are
- The jointing edges are painted internally and sanded externally to help the bond between mortar and glass block.
- The front and back sides are either decorated or left plain.
- Block glass is laid in cement- lime mortar- fine sand (1:1:4)
- All joints shall be filled adequately
- Metal strip reinforcement is placed at every third or fourth course for block height up to 15.
- Reinforcement is placed at every course if the blocks height exceeds 25cm
- There is another type of glass block with joggles and end grooves as well.